Top 10 Frequently Asked Questions
1. What will Efinity Mortgage look for when I apply for a mortgage?
Lenders consider many factors in evaluating your loan application, but they usually focus on four areas:
- Income and debt. How much money you make and what other bills you have to pay help the lender determine whether you can afford to make mortgage payments.
- Employment. Length and job stability is important in determining a client’s willingness to pay.
- Assets. The lender needs to make sure you have enough money to cover the costs of buying a home.
- Credit. Whether you’ve met other financial obligations helps the lender predict whether you will repay your mortgage.
- Property. The home you want to buy has to be worth enough to act as collateral for the mortgage.
2. What does it mean to get pre-approved?
Getting pre-approved means you receive a loan commitment from Efinity Mortgage before you have found a home, based on a review of your credit and finances. Having your credit pre-approved shows sellers that you’re a qualified buyer and helps you establish a clear price range. The process is the same as a typical mortgage application, except that your application doesn’t include property information.
3. What if I’ve had credit problems?
Your credit history is only one factor in qualifying for a loan, and having made some late payments doesn’t have to keep you from buying a home. Someone who has consistently made payments on time in the past may have more financing options than someone who has not, but that doesn’t mean a mortgage is off-limits if you’ve had credit problems.
4. What is the minimum down payment I can make on a home?
There is generally no minimum down payment required for buying a home. Many first-time home buyers believe they must be able to put down as much as 20% of a home’s purchase price in cash. That may have been true in the past, but many of the mortgage options available to today’s home buyers require little down payment.
5. Will I have to pay for Private Mortgage Insurance?
Private Mortgage Insurance (PMI) provides your lender with a way to recoup its investment if you are unable to repay your loan. PMI is usually required when the mortgage amount is higher than 80% of the home’s value. That means that if you buy a home with a down payment of less than 20%, you will probably have to pay for PMI.
6. What closing costs will I have to pay?
Closing costs vary based on a number of factors — including the lender, mortgage type, purchase contract, and location — but they usually include the following:
- Lender fees. Your mortgage company may charge for expenses related to making the loan, including an appraisal fee, a credit report fee, origination points, and discount points.
- Third party fees. Charges for services not provided by your lender often include the settlement fee, title insurance, and attorney’s fees.
- Prepaid items. Certain mortgage costs must be paid to your lender in advance. The most common of these are pre-paid interest, hazard insurance, and deposits to set up an escrow account.
7. Should I pay discount points?
So does paying points make sense for you? The answer depends primarily on how long you plan to stay in your home. First, find out how much lower your monthly payments will be if you pay points. Then, calculate how long it will take for those monthly savings to add up to the cost of the points. If it would take five years to break even and you’re planning to live in your home for 10, paying discount points may be a smart move.
8. Should I choose a fixed-rate or adjustable-rate loan?
Most mortgage loans have either a fixed interest rate or an adjustable interest rate (click here to view mortgage products from Efinity Mortgage). With a fixed-rate mortgage, the interest rate never changes and your payments remain stable throughout the life of your loan. With an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM), the interest rate changes at regular intervals — usually once every year — based on a formula that uses a market index. For most ARM options, rate adjustments begin after an initial period — usually between three months and ten years — during which the rate is fixed.
A fixed rate is usually recommended if you plan to stay in your home for the long term and are buying at a time when rates are relatively low. An ARM is usually recommended if you plan to move before the rate adjustments begin, or if you are buying when rates are relatively high.
9. Should I lock my rate?
Locking your interest rate means your Efinity Mortgage Licensed Financial Professional guarantees the rate on your loan even if market rates changes for a set period of time. So how do you know whether to lock your interest rate? It depends on whether you expect rates to rise or fall before you close on your home. No one knows for sure which direction rates will go at a given time, so it’s difficult to make a reliable prediction. While some keep track of announcements from the Federal Reserve Board, it’s important to stay in touch with your Licensed Financial Professional who will keep you abreast of the changing market landscape.
10. What will my mortgage payments include?
For most borrowers, each monthly mortgage payment goes toward the following: